October 23, 2017
October 23, 2017


The stone obelisk is impressive on one hand by his 20 meters height that makes it visible from kilometres. The monument is placed in front of the 3rd gate of the Citadel, on an artificial hill that in the past was meant to protect the main gate of the fortification from the direct shooting of artillery during a possible siege.

The obelisk was erected in order to celebrate 150 years from the execution of „Horea, Closca and Crisan”, the leaders of the 1784 Uprising. By its dimensions and artistic features, the monument was supposed to look according to the importance of a commemorated event.

Although it was finished with a two years delay, the inauguration on October 14th, 1937 was an event of maximum importance and public interest and it was performed in the presence of the king Carol 2nd and his son, Michael who, at the time, was entitled „Grand Voyvod of Alba Iulia”.

The allegorical cell inside the base of the Obelisk is a symbol of the oppression and the sufferings endured by the leaders of the uprising. Above the forged iron door on the western side, on a hone slab, the borders of Great Romania were sculpted and in its middle the figures of Horea, Closca and Crisan.

On the opposite side, the eastern one, the obelisk presents a huge statue of the goddess Victoria, winged and bearing a laurel crown meant for the three leaders of the uprising. If we were to characterize „Victoria” of Alba Iulia, we could say that she combines the feminine grace with the force of the idea that motivated the erection of the obelisk. An inscription carved in marble on the base of the monument urges us to look at it like a „Humble worship to Horea, Closca and Crisan”.

The monument is characteristic to the Art Deco style, an artistic current that combines the geometrical motifs with the floral ones and with the grace of the human body. We might say that the Obelisk is the living proof that an artist can harmoniously combine historical ideas of a great emotional tension, like those about the Uprising of Horea, Closca and Crisan, with the modernism in art. The Obelisk is the work of the architect Octavian Mihaltan and the sculptor Iosif Fekete. They are the artists who gave the monument the simple greatness of the nearby Apuseni Mountains.

The monument offers the passer-by the opportunity to vividly realize that he can see probably the most important public monument erected in the last 100 years in Romania.