October 23, 2017
October 23, 2017


The Alba Iulia Citadel distinguished itself over time as a place of a distinctive tradition in elite training and for preserving important national and universal heritage values. One of the places in the citadel that has still kept these attributes at present is the B wing of the „1 Decembrie 1918” University in Alba Iulia, which has inherited the patrimony of the Jesuit College.

The Jesuit monastic order was established in Alba Iulia in 1579 along with the wave of countermeasures against the religious Reformation. The moment marked the beginning of priesthood training within the seminar established in the Báthory Church, also known as the Jesuits Church (today demolished).

Historical data have revealed that the Jesuit college building was completed at the end of the sixteenth century, and at the beginning of the following century, „the small college” used to function within the Jesuit monastery buildings.

The Jesuits were expelled from the fortress in 1588 and came back only in the early 18th century when the Austrians took over the place. The Jesuit school was also reorganized, and this time, their stay in the Citadel was also temporary. In 1776, when the monastic orders were abolished, the former Jesuit school building was taken over by the Roman Catholic Theological Seminary which operated here until 1783.   The former Jesuit college was the second building wing owned by the „1 Decembrie 1918” University of Alba Iulia, which was founded in 1991.