THE 4TH GATE OF THE ALBA CAROLINA CITADEL

THE 5TH GATE OF THE ALBA CAROLINA CITADEL
October 23, 2017
THE 3RD GATE OF THE ALBA CAROLINA CITADEL
October 23, 2017

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„The Bishop’s Gate” and „ The New Gate” are the names under which the 4th gate of the Alba Iulia Citadel was known in the past. The monument has the shape of a vaulted corridor that pierces the wall between two of the citadel’s bastions: the Trinitarians and Saint Michael, and it is placed on the western end of the main road that crosses the citadel. It is the only richly decorated gate from the three on the western side of the fortification.

The opening of the gate is limited by two statues technically named „atlants”, representing two mature bearded men, wrapped in cloaks that partially cover their nakedness. The median quoin of the gate’s arch presents a mask symbolizing Wrath. The triangular spaces with a curved long side, placed above the access way, are decorated with masks, quivers, shields, swords, spears, halberds, musical instruments.

A flag displays the monogram of the Vienna emperor under whose rule the citadel was built, Charles 6th, that is to say two opposite „C” letters, the initials of „ Carolus Caesar” and the Roman number „VI”. On the left part by the gate opening, above a helmet, a fantastic animal can be seen, some sort of a gryphon, with the body of a lion, snake tail and eagle wings. In the central part of the monument we can see the symbol of Austria – the double-headed eagle. The raptor bird has imperial crowns on its heads. In the past, the Gate had a practical role: it ensured the exit of the soldier towards the training field. The gate, a valuable monument of baroque art in Transylvania, was given back to the touristic circuit in 2007.

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