October 23, 2017
October 23, 2017


The military engineer garrison was built between 1897 and 1898. The military unit received the name of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph.

The edifice was built on the entire eastern side of the citadel square on the site of a former monastery and church. When new buildings emerged independently on the four sides of the garrison, an ample inner courtyard was shaped.

During World War I, a large Austro-Hungarian military storehouse functioned there. In the autumn of 1918, the barracks were one of the first and most important military units in the Alba Iulia Citadel taken over by Romanian soldiers. The building became the headquarters of the National Guard, also known as the „Alba Iulia Legion”. The excellent management of the National Guard represented a further argument for which Alba Iulia was chosen as the venue for the National Assembly to decide the Union of Transylvania with Romania.

Following the 1918 Union, the building complex kept its military purpose, except that it hosted the Romanian army this time, and was called the Carol I Garrison. New Romanian units of military engineers were stationed there. They were known under different names over time.

Currently, the building is decommissioned and is owned by the Ministry of National Defense.